Glosar de limba engleza

Substantivul


Gen: masculin, feminin: (duke, duchess - de regula el este nediferentiat)
Numar: singular, plural: (de cele mai multe ori, pluralul se formeaza cu s)
Caz
Nominativ: baiatul danseaza - the boy dances, un baiat danseaza - a boy dances
Genitiv: the boy's feet SAU the feet of the boy - picioarele baiatului ??
Dativ: He tells the boy - Ii spune baiatului
Acuzativ: I see the boy - Il vad pe baiat

Pronumele


Personal
Subiectiv(nominativ): you swim - tu inoti
Obiectiv(dativ, acuzativ)
Dativ: tell me - spune-mi
Acuzativ: try me - incearca-ma ; run with me - alearga cu mine
Posesiv: it is yours - este al tau
Demonstrativ: this is a bengal tiger - acesta este un tigru bengalez
Interogativ/relativ: where are we? - unde suntem?, who were they? - cine erau ei? / the boy who lived - baiatul care a trait
Indefinit: someone passed by - cineva a trecut
Reflexiv: He made himself a sandwich - Si-a facut un sendvis

Verbul


I write - Eu scriu; We write - Noi scriem
You write - Tu scrii; Voi scrieti - You write
He, She writes - El, Ea scrie; They write - Ei canta
Numar: singular (I draw, You draw, He draws), plural (We draw, You draw, They draw)
Diateza:(active voice, passive voice)
Activa (actiunea e facuta de subiect): He hits the cow - El loveste vaca
Pasiva (actiunea e facuta asupra subiectului): The cow is hit - Vaca este lovita

Diateza activa (Active voice)


Present Tense: I learn - Eu invat
Present Continuous: I am learning- Eu invat acum (actiune in desfasurare)
Present Perfect: I have learnt
Present Perfect Continuous: I have been learning
Past Tense: I learned - Am invatat
Past Continuous: I was learning - Eu invatam (cand ceva s-a intamplat)
Past Perfect: I had learned - Eu invatasem
Past Perfect Continuous: I had been learning
Future Tense: I will learn - Eu voi invata (cand se va intampla ceva)
Future Continuous: I will be learning - Eu voi invata (cand se va intampla ceva)
Future Perfect: I will have learnt
Future Perfect Continuous: I will have been learning

Prepozitia


Prepozitia (leaga doi termeni care nu au aceeasi functie sintactica)
He is going to work - el se duce LA munca
The phone is on the TV - Telefonul e PE televizor
From another country - DIN alta tara
White as snow - alb ca zapada

Interjectia


What a disgrace! - Ce disgratios!
Wow!; Well, well, well!
*In limba engleza avem sase verbe modale: (must, may, will, ought, shall, can).
Sunt verbe neregulate si pot fi insotite uneori de un verb la infiniv.

Numeralul


Cardinal: three months - trei luni
Ordinal: the third month - a treia luna
Fractionar: two thirds of it is ready- doua treimi sunt gata
Colectiv: a dozen loaves of bread- o duzina de paini
Multiplicativ: I told him twice - I-am spus de doua ori
Distributiv: they had left the class two at a time- iesisera din clasa doi cate doi
Adverbial: I saw him ten times today - L-am vazut de zece ori azi
Nehotarat: many teachers - multi profesori

Adjectivul


Propriu-zis: huge mounatains - munti uriasi
Pronominal
Demonstrativ: this dog - acest caine, that cat - acea pisica
Interogativ/relativ: what teacher? - care profesor? / what I do - ce fac eu
Posesiv:my mother - mama mea
Nehotarat(indefinit): some colleagues - niste colegi, unii colegi

Gradele de comparatie


Comparatia de superioritate
Adjective monosilabice si bisilabice terminate in y: strong - stronger - strongest: puternic - mai puternic - cel mai puternic
Adjective lungi: beautiful - more beautiful - the most beautiful: frumos - mai frumos - cel mai frumos
Comparatia de inferioritate
ambitious - less ambitious - the least ambitious: ambitios - mai putin ambitios - cel mai putin ambitios
Comparatia de egalitate
as tall as - la fel de inalt ca
Superlativul absolut
very tall - foarte inalt

Mod (mood)


Indicativ (timpurile de mai sus) - actiune reala
Subjonctiv - actiune ireala, dorita:
I hope that this is true - Imi doresc sa fie adevarat
I hope that this were true - Imi doresc ca aceasta sa se termine
I hope that this had been over - Imi doresc ca aceasta sa se fi terminat
Conditional - actiune dorita si exprimata printr-o conditie:
He should study - Ar trebui sa invete
He should have studied - Ar fi trebuit sa invete
Imperativ - actiune poruncita: Clean the floor! - Spala podeaua!

Diateza pasiva (Passive voice)


Present Tense: I am spoiled - Eu sunt rasfatat
Present Continuous: I am being spoiled - Eu sunt rasfatat acum (actiune in desfasurare)
Present Perfect: I have been spoiled
Present Perfect Continuous: Nu se foloseste
Past Tense: I was spoiled - Am fost spoiled
Past Continuous: I was being spoiled - Eu eram rasfatat (cand ceva s-a intamplat)
Past Perfect: I had been spoiled
Past Perfect Continuous: Nu se foloseste
Future Tense: I will be spoiled - Eu voi fi rasfatat
Future Continuous: nu se foloseste
Future Perfect: I will have been spoiled - Eu voi fi fost rasfatat
Future Perfect Continuous: Nu se foloseste

Conjunctia


*leaga doi termeni care au aceeasi functie sintactica
and - si ; or - sau
I'll leave when I want to - Plec cand vreau eu.

Adverbul


de timp: before - inainte, then - atunci
de mod: somehow - cumva, graciously - gratios (she walks graciously - ea merge gratios)
de loc: below - dedesupt, close-by - aproape
de scop: therefore - asadar, otherwise - altfel

Aplicatii



Ankidroid - manipuleaza-ti creierul cu aceasta aplicatie pe baza de flashcards



Grammarly - instaleaza aceasta aplicatie in browser pentru a fi sigur ca nu faci greseli